With the analysis among 8,624 patents, we discovered top 471 key players by total patent application. International Business Machines Corp., Ricoh Co., Ltd., Canon, Inc. are dominant in this area. They take 7.75% of the total patent filing.
With the analysis among related 801 patents applied in the last 5 years. We discover 217 most active companies in this area. The fast-growing Microsoft Technology Licensing LLC, Ricoh Co., Ltd., International Business Machines Corp. take 9.24% of patent filing during this period.
With the analysis among 88 patents, we discovered top 34 universities and scientific research institutions by total patent application. Board of Trustees of the Leland Stanford Junior University, The University of California, San Francisco, University of South Florida are dominant in this area. They take 36.36% of the total patent filing.