Hitachi Ltd. is engaged in the manufacture and sale of electrical equipment. It operates through the following segments: Information Technology (IT), Energy, Industry, Mobility, Life, Hitachi High Technologies, Hitachi Construction Machinery, Hitachi Metals, Hitachi Chemical and Others. The IT segment handles systems integration, consulting, control systems, cloud services, software, IT products such as storage and servers, and automated teller machines. The Energy segment pertains to power generation systems (nuclear power, renewable energy & thermal power) and power grid systems. The Industry segment covers industrial and distribution systems, water & environment systems, and industrial equipment. The Mobility segment includes building systems like elevators & escalators, and railway systems. The Life segment manages medical equipment; life & ecosystems such as refrigerator, washing machine, room & commercial air conditioner; automotive systems including powertrain system, chassis systems and advanced driving support systems. The Hitachi High Technologies segment covers medical & life science products, analytical equipment, semiconductor manufacturing equipment, manufacturing & inspection equipment, and advanced industrial materials. The Hitachi Construction Machinery segment handles hydraulic excavators, wheel loaders, mining machines, maintenance services, civil engineering solutions, and mine operation management systems. The Hitachi Metals segment manages special steel products, base material products, magnetic materials, power electronics, and wire materials. The Hitachi Chemical segment covers functional materials (electronic materials, wiring board materials & electronic components), advanced components and systems (mobility materials, power storage devices & life science related products). The Others segment provides optical disc drives and real estate management services. The company was founded by Namihei Odaira in 1910 and is headquartered in Tokyo, Japan.